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South Africa

Flag Coat of arms
Motto!ke e: ǀxarra ǁke  (ǀXam)
"Unity In Diversity"
AnthemNational anthem of South Africa
Capital Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Largest city Johannesburg (2006) [2]
Official language(s)
Ethnic groups  79.4% Black
9.2% White
8.8% Coloured
2.6% Asian[4]
Demonym South African
Government Constitutional parliamentary republic
 -  President Jacob Zuma
 -  Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe
 -  NCOP Chairman M. J. Mahlangu
 -  National Assembly Speaker Max Sisulu
 -  Chief Justice Sandile Ngcobo
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Union 31 May 1910 
 -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931 
 -  Republic 31 May 1961 
 -  Total 1,221,037 km2 (25th)
471,443 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) Negligible
 -  2010 estimate 49,991,300[4] (25th)
 -  2001 census 44,819,778[5] 
 -  Density 41/km2 (170th)
106.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $505.214 billion[6] 
 -  Per capita $10,243[6] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $287.219 billion[6] 
 -  Per capita $5,823[6] 
Gini (2000) 57.8 (high
HDI (2009) 0.683 increase (medium) (129th)
Currency Rand (ZAR)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code ZA
Internet TLD .za
Calling code +27


State of Japan
Shinjitai : 日本国
Kyujitai: 日本國
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku
Flag Imperial Seal
Play sound
Kimi ga Yo instrumental.ogg

Kimigayo (君が代?)
Government Seal:
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
Paulownia (五七桐 Go-Shichi no Kiri?)
(and largest city)
Tokyo (de facto)
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official language(s) None[1]
Recognised regional languages Aynu itak, Eastern Japanese, Western Japanese, Ryukyuan, and several other Japanese dialects
National language

National Scripts


Ethnic groups  98.5% Japanese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Chinese, 0.6% other[2]
Demonym Japanese
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Akihito
 -  Prime Minister Naoto Kan (DPJ)
Legislature National Diet
 -  Upper House House of Councillors
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
 -  National Foundation Day February 11, 660 BC[3] 
 -  Meiji Constitution November 29, 1890 
 -  Current constitution May 3, 1947 
 -  Treaty of
San Francisco

April 28, 1952 
 -  Total 377,944 km2 [4](61st)
145,925 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.8
 -  2010 estimate 127,360,000[5] (10th)
 -  2004 census 127,333,002 
 -  Density 337.1/km2 (36th)
873.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $4.267 trillion[6] (3rd)
 -  Per capita $33,478[6] (23rd)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $5.273 trillion[6] (2nd)
 -  Per capita $41,366[6] (17th)
Gini  38.1 (2002)[7] 
HDI (2007) increase 0.884[8] (very high) (11th)
Currency International Symbol ¥ Pronounced (Yen)
Japanese Symbol (or in Traditional Kanji) Pronounced (En) (JPY)
Time zone JST (UTC+9)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd
Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp
Calling code 81
Japan (/dʒəˈpæn/  ( listen); Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon), officially the State of Japan (日本国

Vatican City

Jump to: navigation, search
Vatican City State
Stato della Città del Vaticano[1]
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem"Inno e Marcia Pontificale"  (Italian)
"Pontifical Anthem and March"
Location of  Vatican City  (green)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Vatican City  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital Vatican City[2]
41°54′N 12°27′E / 41.9°N 12.45°E / 41.9; 12.45
Official language(s) Italian[3]
Ethnic groups  Italians, Swiss (Swiss Guards), other[4]
Government Ecclesiastical,[5]
 -  Sovereign Pope Benedict XVI
 -  President of the Government Giovanni Lajolo
Independence from the Kingdom of Italy 
 -  Lateran Treaty 11 February 1929 
 -  Total 0.44 km2 (231st)
0.17 sq mi 
 -  July 2009 estimate 826[7] (220th)
 -  Density 1877/km2 (6th)
4,859/sq mi
Currency Euro (€)[8][9] (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right[note 1]
Internet TLD .va
Calling code +379[10]

New Orleans

City of New Orleans
Ville de La Nouvelle-Orléans
Orleans Parish
—  City and Parish  —
From top left: A typical New Orleans mansion off St. Charles Avenue, a streetcar passing by Loyola University and Tulane University, the skyline of the Central Business District, Jackson Square, and a view of Royal Street in the French Quarter.


Nickname(s): "The Crescent City", "The Big Easy", "The City That Care Forgot", "Nawlins" and "NOLA" (acronym for New Orleans, Louisiana).
Location in the State of Louisiana
City of New Orleans is located in the USA
City of New Orleans
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 29°57′53″N 90°4′14″W / 29.96472°N 90.07056°W / 29.96472; -90.07056
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Parish New Orleans, Louisiana flag.svg Orleans
Founded 1718
 - Mayor Mitch Landrieu (D)
 - City and Parish 350.2 sq mi (907 km2)
 - Land 180.6 sq mi (467.6 km2)
 - Water 169.7 sq mi (439.4 km2)
 - Metro 3,755.2 sq mi (9,726.6 km2)
Elevation -6.5 to 20 ft (-2 to 6 m)
Population (2008[1])
 - City and Parish 336,644
 Density 2,518/sq mi (973/km2)
 Metro 1,235,650(2,009)
 - Demonym New Orleanian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 504

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