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Republic of Austria

Republic of Austria
Republik Österreich
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Land der Berge, Land am Strome  (German)
Land of Mountains, Land by the River

Land der Berge Land am Strome instrumental.ogg
Location of  Austria  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Austria  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

(and largest city)
48°12′N 16°21′E
Official language(s) German
Recognised regional languages CroatianHungarian andSlovene[1]
Ethnic groups (2001) 91.1% Austrians,
8.9% foreigners -
4% former Yugoslavs,
1.6% Turks,
2.4% others and unspecified[2]
Demonym Austrian
Government Federal Parliamentary republic
 -  President Heinz Fischer
 -  Chancellor Werner Faymann (SPÖ)
 -  President of the National Council Barbara Prammer (SPÖ)
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Federal Council
 -  Lower house National Council
 -  Austrian State Treaty in force 27 July 1955 (Duchy: 1156, Austrian Empire: 1804, First Austrian Republic: 1918–1938, Second Republic since 1945) 
 -  Total 83,855 km2 (115th)
32,377 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.7
 -  2011 estimate 8,414,638[3] (92nd)
 -  2001 census 8,032,926 
 -  Density 99/km2 (99th)
257/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $351.873 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $41,805[4] 
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $425.091 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $50,504[4] 
Gini (2007) 26[5] (low
HDI (2011) increase0.885[6] (very high) (19th)
Currency Euro () ² (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code AT
Internet TLD .at ³
Calling code 43
1 SloveneCroatianHungarian are officially recognised regional languages and Austrian Sign Language is a protected minority language throughout the country.
2 Euro since 1 Jan 1999 virtual, since 1 Jan 2002 real currency; before: Austrian Schilling.
3 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with otherEuropean Union member states.

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