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The Republic of Poland

Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska
Flag Coat of arms
Mazurek Dabrowskiego.ogg

Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
(Dąbrowski's Mazurka)
Location of  Poland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Poland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

(and largest city)
52°13′N 21°02′E
Official language(s) Polish
Regional language(s) GermanKashubian,LithuanianSilesian,Ukrainian
Ethnic groups (2002) 96.7% Poles,
3.3% others and unspecified
Demonym Pole/Polish
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Bronisław Komorowski
 -  Prime Minister Donald Tusk
 -  Christianisation[c] April 14, 966 
 -  First Republic July 1, 1569 
 -  Second Republic November 11, 1918 
 -  People's Republic December 31, 1944 
 -  Third Republic of Poland January 30, 1990 
 -  Total 312,685 km2 [d](69th)
120,696.41 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 3.07
 -  2010 estimate 38,186,860[1] (34th)
 -  2011 census 38,501,000 
 -  Density 120/km2 (83rd)
319.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $766.675 billion[2] (20th)
 -  Per capita $20,136[2] (46th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $531.758 billion[2] (20th)
 -  Per capita $13,967[2] (50th)
Gini (2002) 34.5 
HDI (2011) increase 0.813[3] (very high) (39th)
Currency Złoty (PLN)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code PL
Internet TLD .pl
Calling code 48
1 ^a See, however, Unofficial mottos of Poland.
2 ^b Although not official languagesBelarusian,KashubianLithuanian and German are used in 20 communal offices.
3 ^c The adoption of Christianity in Poland is seen by many Poles, regardless of their religious affiliation or lack thereof, as one of the most significant national historical events; the new religion was used to unify the tribes in the region.
4 ^d The area of Poland according to the administrative division, as given by the Central Statistical Office, is 312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi) of which 311,888 km2(120,421 sq mi) is land area and 791 km2 (305 sq mi) is internal water surface area.

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