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Philadelphia

City of Philadelphia
—  Consolidated city-county  —
From top left, the Philadelphia skyline, a statue of Benjamin Franklin, the Liberty Bell, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia City Hall, and Independence Hall

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "Philly", "City of Brotherly Love","The Illadelph",[1][2]"The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America","The City of Neighborhoods"
Motto: "Philadelphia maneto" ("Let brotherly love endure")
City of Philadelphia is located in the USA
City of Philadelphia
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°57′12″N 75°10′12″W / 39.95333°N 75.17°W / 39.95333; -75.17
Country United States United States
Commonwealth Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
County Philadelphia
Founded October 27, 1682
Incorporated October 25, 1701
Government
 - Mayor Michael Nutter (D)
Area
 - Consolidated city-county 369.3 km2 (142.6 sq mi)
 - Land 326.144 km2 (135.1 sq mi)
 - Water 19.6 km2 (7.5 sq mi)
 - Urban 4,660.7 km2 (1,799.5 sq mi)
 - Metro 11,989 km2 (4,629 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (July 1st, 2008 (revised December 2, 2009))
 - Consolidated city-county 1,547,901 (6th)
 Density 4,405.4/km2 (11,457/sq mi)
 Urban 5,325,000
 Metro 5,838,471
 - CSA 6,385,461
 - Demonym Philadelphian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 191xx
Area code(s) 215, 267
Website http://www.phila.gov

South Africa

Flag Coat of arms
Motto!ke e: ǀxarra ǁke  (ǀXam)
"Unity In Diversity"
AnthemNational anthem of South Africa
Capital Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Largest city Johannesburg (2006) [2]
Official language(s)
Ethnic groups  79.4% Black
9.2% White
8.8% Coloured
2.6% Asian[4]
Demonym South African
Government Constitutional parliamentary republic
 -  President Jacob Zuma
 -  Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe
 -  NCOP Chairman M. J. Mahlangu
 -  National Assembly Speaker Max Sisulu
 -  Chief Justice Sandile Ngcobo
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Union 31 May 1910 
 -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931 
 -  Republic 31 May 1961 
Area
 -  Total 1,221,037 km2 (25th)
471,443 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) Negligible
Population
 -  2010 estimate 49,991,300[4] (25th)
 -  2001 census 44,819,778[5] 
 -  Density 41/km2 (170th)
106.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $505.214 billion[6] 
 -  Per capita $10,243[6] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $287.219 billion[6] 
 -  Per capita $5,823[6] 
Gini (2000) 57.8 (high
HDI (2009) 0.683 increase (medium) (129th)
Currency Rand (ZAR)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code ZA
Internet TLD .za
Calling code +27

Japan

State of Japan
Shinjitai : 日本国
Kyujitai: 日本國
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku
Flag Imperial Seal
Anthem
Play sound
Kimi ga Yo instrumental.ogg

Kimigayo (君が代?)
Government Seal:
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
Paulownia (五七桐 Go-Shichi no Kiri?)
Capital
(and largest city)
Tokyo (de facto)
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official language(s) None[1]
Recognised regional languages Aynu itak, Eastern Japanese, Western Japanese, Ryukyuan, and several other Japanese dialects
National language

National Scripts

Japanese

Kanji
Hiragana
Katakana
Ethnic groups  98.5% Japanese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Chinese, 0.6% other[2]
Demonym Japanese
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Akihito
 -  Prime Minister Naoto Kan (DPJ)
Legislature National Diet
 -  Upper House House of Councillors
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
Formation
 -  National Foundation Day February 11, 660 BC[3] 
 -  Meiji Constitution November 29, 1890 
 -  Current constitution May 3, 1947 
 -  Treaty of
San Francisco

April 28, 1952 
Area
 -  Total 377,944 km2 [4](61st)
145,925 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.8
Population
 -  2010 estimate 127,360,000[5] (10th)
 -  2004 census 127,333,002 
 -  Density 337.1/km2 (36th)
873.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $4.267 trillion[6] (3rd)
 -  Per capita $33,478[6] (23rd)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $5.273 trillion[6] (2nd)
 -  Per capita $41,366[6] (17th)
Gini  38.1 (2002)[7] 
HDI (2007) increase 0.884[8] (very high) (11th)
Currency International Symbol ¥ Pronounced (Yen)
Japanese Symbol (or in Traditional Kanji) Pronounced (En) (JPY)
Time zone JST (UTC+9)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd
yyyy年m月d日
Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp
Calling code 81
Japan (/dʒəˈpæn/  ( listen); Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon), officially the State of Japan (日本国

Vatican City

Jump to: navigation, search
Vatican City State
Stato della Città del Vaticano[1]
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem"Inno e Marcia Pontificale"  (Italian)
"Pontifical Anthem and March"
Location of  Vatican City  (green)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Vatican City  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital Vatican City[2]
41°54′N 12°27′E / 41.9°N 12.45°E / 41.9; 12.45
Official language(s) Italian[3]
Ethnic groups  Italians, Swiss (Swiss Guards), other[4]
Government Ecclesiastical,[5]
sacerdotal-monarchical[6]
 -  Sovereign Pope Benedict XVI
 -  President of the Government Giovanni Lajolo
Independence from the Kingdom of Italy 
 -  Lateran Treaty 11 February 1929 
Area
 -  Total 0.44 km2 (231st)
0.17 sq mi 
Population
 -  July 2009 estimate 826[7] (220th)
 -  Density 1877/km2 (6th)
4,859/sq mi
Currency Euro (€)[8][9] (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right[note 1]
Internet TLD .va
Calling code +379[10]

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